The U.S. Census counts every resident in the United States. Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution mandates that this occur every 10 years.
The information the census collects helps determine how more than $675 billion of federal funding each year are spent on infrastructure, programs and services.
The 2020 Census Residence Criteria
The Census Bureau has provided guidance on how to interpret the usual residence concept to determine where to count people in the 2020 Census.
Once a decade, we give each state the data required to redistrict their seats in Congress based on population shifts and the number of seats they have.
Thomas Jefferson led the first census in 1790. It had six questions: name of head of family and the number of persons in each household in five categories.
Planning and management information specific to the 2020 Census - timelines, cost savings, program briefings, and the 2020 Census infographic